National Curriculum Overview in Mathematics – Year 2
Number – number and place value  Number – addition and subtraction  Number – multiplication and division  
· Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward
· Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words · Recognise the place value of each digit in a twodigit number (tens, ones) · Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line · Partition numbers in different ways (e.g. 23 = 20 + 3 and 23 = 10 + 13) · Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs · Find 1 or 10 more or less than a given number · Round numbers to at least 100 to the nearest 10 · Understand the connection between the 10 multiplication table and place value · Describe and extend simple sequences involving counting on or back in different steps · Use place value and number facts to solve problems 
· Choose an appropriate strategy to solve a calculation based upon the numbers involved (recall a known fact, calculate mentally, use a jotting)
· Select a mental strategy appropriate for the numbers involved in the calculation · Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot · Understand subtraction as take away and difference (how many more, how many less/fewer) · Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100 · Recall and use number bonds for multiples of 5 totalling 60 (to support telling time to nearest 5 minutes) · Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including: – a twodigit number and ones – a twodigit number and tens – two twodigit numbers – adding three onedigit numbers · Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems · Solve problems with addition and subtraction including with missing numbers: – using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures – applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods 
· Understand multiplication as repeated addition
· Understand division as sharing and grouping and that a division calculation can have a remainder · Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot · Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers · Derive and use doubles of simple twodigit numbers (numbers in which the ones total less than 10) · Derive and use halves of simple twodigit even numbers (numbers in which the tens are even) · Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication using repeated addition) and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs · Solve problems involving multiplication and division (including those with remainders), using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts 

Number – fractions  
· Understand and use the terms numerator and denominator
· Understand that a fraction can describe part of a set · Understand that the larger the denominator is, the more pieces it is split into and therefore the smaller each part will be · Recognise, find, name and write fractions , , and of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity · Write simple fractions for example, of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of and · Count on and back in steps of and 

Measurement  
Geometry – properties of shapes  · Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity and volume (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels
· Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and = · Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p) · Combine amounts to make a particular value · Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money · Compare and sequence intervals of time · Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times · Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day · Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change and measures (including time) 

· Identify and describe the properties of 2D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line
· Identify and describe the properties of 3D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces · Identify 2D shapes on the surface of 3D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid] 

Geometry – position and direction  
· Order/arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns/sequences
· Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and threequarter turns (clockwise and anticlockwise) 

Statistics  
· Compare and sort objects, numbers and common 2D and 3D shapes and everyday objects
· Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables · Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity · Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data 