National Curriculum Overview in Mathematics – Year 2          


Number – number and place value Number – addition and subtraction Number – multiplication and division
·          Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in tens from any number, forward and backward

·          Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words

·          Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (tens, ones)

·          Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line

·          Partition numbers in different ways (e.g. 23 = 20 + 3 and 23 = 10 + 13)

·          Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs

·          Find 1 or 10 more or less than a given number

·          Round numbers to at least 100 to the nearest 10

·          Understand the connection between the 10 multiplication table and place value

·          Describe and extend simple sequences involving counting on or back in different steps

·          Use place value and number facts to solve problems

·          Choose an appropriate strategy to solve a calculation based upon the numbers involved (recall a known fact, calculate mentally, use a jotting)

·          Select a mental strategy appropriate for the numbers involved in the calculation

·          Show that addition of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot

·          Understand subtraction as take away and difference (how many more, how many less/fewer)

·          Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100

·          Recall and use number bonds for multiples of 5 totalling 60 (to support telling time to nearest 5 minutes)

·          Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:

– a two-digit number and ones – a two-digit number and tens – two two-digit numbers – adding three one-digit numbers

·          Recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems

·          Solve problems with addition and subtraction including with missing numbers: – using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those   involving numbers, quantities and measures – applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods

·          Understand multiplication as repeated addition

·          Understand division as sharing and grouping and that a division calculation can have a remainder

·          Show that multiplication of two numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of one number by another cannot

·          Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers

·          Derive and use doubles of simple two-digit numbers (numbers in which the ones total less than 10)

·          Derive and use halves of simple two-digit even numbers (numbers in which the tens are even)

·          Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication using repeated addition) and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs

·          Solve problems involving multiplication and division (including those with remainders), using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts

Number – fractions
·       Understand and use the terms numerator and denominator

·       Understand that a fraction can describe part of a set

·       Understand that the larger the denominator is, the more pieces it is split into and therefore the smaller each part will be

·       Recognise, find, name and write fractions , , and of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity

·       Write simple fractions for example, of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of and

·       Count on and back in steps of and

Geometry – properties of shapes ·   Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity and volume (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels

·   Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =

·   Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p)

·   Combine amounts to make a particular value

·   Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money

·   Compare and sequence intervals of time

·   Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times

·   Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day

·   Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change and measures (including time)

·   Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line

·   Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces

·   Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes, [for example, a circle on a cylinder and a triangle on a pyramid]

Geometry – position and direction
·   Order/arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns/sequences

·   Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement, including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise)

·   Compare and sort objects, numbers and common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects

·   Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and simple tables

·   Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity

·   Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data

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